An endangered seabird, a ʻakēʻakē fledgling, was caught on camera at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park for the first time.
The National Park Service said the nocturnal seabird was shown emerging from its high-elevation burrow on Mauna Loa around a month before the volcano erupted.
The burrow was located by Slater, one of the Hawaii detector dogs, and under the guidance of trainer and handler Michelle Reynolds.
After Slater discovered the nests, wildlife cameras were installed to monitor the burrows.
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This is the first confirmed ʻakēʻakē nest identified in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, according to Charlotte Forbes Perry, a biologist with the University of Hawaii Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit.
“Biologists in the park have known of the presence of ʻakēʻakē on Mauna Loa since the 1990s. In 2019, ʻakēʻakē burrow calls were recorded during acoustic monitoring which indicated nesting. The lack of visual signs like guano at their nest sites make them extremely hard for humans to locate,” Forbes Perry said.
Forbes Perry and her team study seabirds in the park under a permit from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
The nests at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and the U.S. Army Garrison Pōhakuloa Training Area are the only documented ʻakēʻakē nests in Hawaii.
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The park service said the burrows were not threatened by the current eruption of Mauna Loa and are protected within the park’s 644-acre cat-proof fence.
Threats in Hawaii include predation by non-native barn owls, cats and mongoose, as well as disorientation from artificial lights.
Also known as the band-rumped storm petrel, the birds are small and are ash black with a wide white band on their tail.
They nest on isolated islands but spend the rest of their lives at sea.
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The global population is estimated to be about 150,000 individuals, with around 240 pairs known in Hawaii, according to the American Bird Conservancy.