Get these 5 important tests to identify kidney diseases before it is too late!
According to the World Health Organization, kidney disease affects approximately 10% of the world’s population, with chronic kidney disease being a significant public health issue. The kidneys are responsible for filtering waste from the blood, regulating fluid levels, and producing hormones that control blood pressure, among other functions. Kidney disease can have a significant impact on overall health and can even be life-threatening if left untreated. Early detection is critical in managing kidney disease, and there are several tests that can help identify the condition.
These are the kidney disease tests you should get done to avoid getting kidney diseases. Image courtesy: Freepik
Blood Pressure Test
High blood pressure is a leading cause of kidney disease and is also a symptom of kidney disease. The kidneys play a critical role in regulating blood pressure, so when they are damaged, blood pressure can increase. High blood pressure can damage the kidneys, leading to kidney disease. A blood pressure test is a simple way to identify if you have high blood pressure, and if so, you can take steps to manage it.
A urine test is an essential diagnostic tool in identifying kidney disease. A urine test can detect the presence of protein or blood in the urine, which can indicate kidney damage. Protein in the urine, also known as proteinuria, is a sign of kidney damage, and if left untreated, it can progress to kidney disease. Blood in the urine, also known as hematuria, can also indicate kidney damage. A urine test can also measure the concentration of certain substances in the urine, which can indicate how well the kidneys are functioning.
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) Test
The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) test measures how well the kidneys are filtering waste from the blood. The test measures the amount of creatinine in the blood, a waste product produced by muscles, and compares it to the level of creatinine in the urine. A low GFR indicates that the kidneys are not functioning properly and may be a sign of kidney disease. The GFR test is an essential tool in diagnosing chronic kidney disease.
A blood test can measure the levels of certain substances in the blood that can indicate how well the kidneys are functioning. A blood test can measure the level of creatinine in the blood, which, as mentioned earlier, is a waste product produced by muscles. High levels of creatinine in the blood can indicate that the kidneys are not functioning correctly. A blood test can also measure the level of urea in the blood, another waste product produced by the body. High levels of urea in the blood can also indicate kidney damage.
Imaging tests, such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI, can provide a detailed image of the kidneys and surrounding structures. These tests can help identify any abnormalities in the kidneys, such as tumors, cysts, or blockages. Imaging tests can also provide information about the size and shape of the kidneys, which can indicate whether they are functioning correctly.
In conclusion, kidney disease is a serious health issue that can have a significant impact on overall health. Early detection is critical in managing the condition, and there are several tests available that can help identify kidney disease. A blood pressure test, urine test, GFR test, blood test, and imaging tests are all essential tools in diagnosing kidney disease. If you are experiencing symptoms such as fatigue, swelling, or changes in urination, it’s essential to talk to your healthcare provider and get tested for kidney disease. Don’t ignore the signs; early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease and improve your overall health and quality of life.